Virtue Analysis from Wisdom Literature of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

I used the following methods to over about five months beginning Thanksgiving, 2010 to March 2011 to determine the primary list of virtues for the virtue wheel.

My analysis began with the color wheel hypothesis, the primary virtues of Faith Hope and Charity, and the complementary secondary virtues.  I then analyzed every entry in the Topical Guide selecting those I thought were virtues, and hypothesized the tertiary virtues pairs.

To validate the hypothesis, I selected based upon judgment passages of scripture containing lists of virtues, and counted how often a virtue was mention in a passage.  I also analyzed Hinckley’s 9 B’s (from his book), the virtues listed in Preach My Gospel chapter 6, and the Scout Law. As I analyzed the scriptures I added new virtues that came to mind (either specific words, words found in footnotes, or words I thought described the scriptural phrase or passage).  At times I then searched for new passages for those new words.  (I did not comprehensively review prior passages for applicability of the new virtues.)

I modified my hypothesis for the complementary virtue to hopeful to be honest, and the tertiary pairing of reverent and joyful.  As my analysis progressed, in some cases I sought out verses to support the major virtues listed on the wheel.  Thus this analysis of the scriptures was biased by the hypothesis, and not objective.  Regardless, based upon this analysis, I believe the major virtues on the virtue wheel are well supported by the scriptures.

Using my judgment, I then grouped the remaining virtues to a major virtue, either primary, secondary, or tertiary or other. I then also listed to which side of that major virtue the minor virtue might reside: whether it was a true synonym (tint or shade) or to one side or the other, (a blend of two virtues).  These aspects to the wheel were done subjectively.

The scriptures analyzed were the following:

1 Ex 20; Mosiah 13 21 Col. 3:12-17 41 Ether 12
2 Duet 31:6,7, 23 22 1 Tim 3:2; 1 Peter 5:8 42 Moroni 7
3 Joshua 1 23 Titus 1:7-9 43 Moroni 8:24-26
4 Phase “Be Strong & of G. Courage” 24 James 1:22,27 44 Moroni 10:20-22
5 Ruth 1:16; 1 Sam 18:1 25 1 Peter 3 45 D&C Section 4
6 Job 2:3 26 2 Peter 1 46 D&C 6:19-20
7 Psalms 23: 24:3-4 27 2 Peter 2:8 47 D&C 11:7-21
8 Ps. 51:17;  3 Ne 9:20; 12:19 28 1 Ne 2:10, 3 Ne 6:14 48 D&C 12:8
9 Prov. 3 29 Mosiah 3:19 49 D&C 18:18:21
10 Prov 15:13-14 30 Alma 5:26-29 50 D&C 42:38:42
11 Ecc. 12:13; Phrase “Fear God” 31 Alma 7:22-27 51 D&C 59
12 Isaiah 1:16-19 32 Alma 22:16 52 D&C 64:33-34
13 Matt. 5:2-9; 3 Ne 12:2-10 33 Alma 32 53 D&C 84:61
14 Matt. 10:16; Philip. 2:15-18 34 Alma 34:37-41 54 D&C 121:41-46
15 Phrase “Love One Another” 35 Alma 38; 39:1 55 D&C 135:4-5
16 Romans 12 36 Alma 48:11-20 56 D&C 136:23-33
17 1 Cor. 13 37 Alma 53:20-21 57 A of F 13
18 2 Cor. 9:7 38 Hel 6:1-3 58 Hinckley 9 B’s
19 Gal 5:22-23 39 3 Nephi 6:7 59 Preach My Gospel ch 6
20 Philippians 4:4-8 40 Morm 9:12,20-29 60 Scout Law

Note that I mistakenly did not include the Young Women Value statement in my analysis even though I included the Scout Law. This despite my wife serving three times as ward Young Women President, and having three daughters. What a blunder.

Top 25 Individual References

Here are the top 25 individual virtues from my analysis:

Virtue Virtue Wheel Position References in Selected Passages
1 Loving/Charitable Primary 40
2 Faithful Primary 23
3 Humble Secondary 23
4 Hopeful Primary 17
5 Pure/Virtuous Secondary 17
6 Joyful Tertiary 16
7 Meek Tertiary 15
8 Diligent Tertiary 14
9 Obedient Other 14
10 Patient Tertiary 14
11 Clean 12
12 Courageous Tertiary 12
13 Honest Secondary 12
14 Kind 11
15 Strong 11
16 Chaste 9
17 Sober Tertiary 9
18 Temperate Other 9
19 Thankful 9
20 Believing 8
21 Wise 8
22 Benevolent 7
23 Holy Other 7
24 Knowledgeable 7
25 Merciful Other 7
Total Top 25 331 55%
Other 268 45%
Total Specific References 599

Counts by Primary Virtues

Here is the count of references and synonyms to primary virtues:

Primary Virtue Sum of Specific References Count of Synonyms
Loving 71 7
Faithful 65 14
Virtuous 59 15
Meek 56 11
Honest 42 12
Patient 42 11
Humble 37 7
Courageous 35 10
Joyful 34 9
Reverent 32 7
Hopeful 31 4
Diligent 30 11
Temperate 19 3
Holy 16 5
Obedient 15 1
Merciful 7 1
Just 5 1
Integrity 3 1
Total 599 130

Individual Virtues, Sorted by Count

Here are the counts by of references to individual virtues, sorted by count:

Count Specific Virtue Primary, Secondary, or Tertiary  Virtue Virtue Wheel Position Specific Ref. Total
1 Loving/Charitable Loving Primary 40
2 Faithful Faithful Primary 23
3 Humble Humble Secondary 23
4 Hopeful Hopeful Primary 17
5 Pure/Virtuous Virtuous Secondary 17
6 Joyful Joyful Tertiary 16
7 Meek Meek Tertiary 15
8 Obedient Obedient Other 15
9 Reverent (Fear God) Reverent Tertiary 15
10 Diligent Diligent Tertiary 14
11 Patient Patient Tertiary 14
12 Clean Virtuous 12
13 Courageous Courageous Tertiary 12
14 Honest Honest Secondary 12
15 Kind Loving 11
16 Strong Courageous 11
17 Chaste Virtuous 9
18 Sober Temperate Other 9
19 Temperate Temperate Other 9
20 Thankful Reverent 9
21 Believing Hopeful 8
22 Wise Honest 8
23 Benevolent Loving 7
24 Holy Holy Other 7
25 Knowledgeable Honest 7
26 Merciful Merciful Other 7
27 Peaceable Patient 7
28 Blameless Virtuous 6
29 Contented Patient 6
30 Devoted Faithful 6
31 Firm Faithful 6
32 Gentle Meek 6
33 Long suffering Patient 6
34 Peacemaker Meek 6
35 Broken-hearted Meek 5
36 Cheerful Joyful 5
37 Contrite-spirited Meek 5
38 Courteous Loving 5
39 Just Just Other 5
40 Persecuted Meek 5
41 Steadfast Faithful 5
42 True Courageous 5
43 Trusting Hopeful 5
44 Afflicted Meek 4
45 Compassionate Loving 4
46 Hard working Diligent 4
47 Prayerful Reverent 4
48 Righteous Holy Other 4
49 Trustworthy Honest 4
50 Unified Faithful 4
51 Confident Faithful 3
52 Dutiful Meek 3
53 Enduring Faithful 3
54 Forgiving Meek 3
55 Generous Loving 3
56 Hospitable Joyful 3
57 Integrity Integrity Other 3
58 Lowly in heart Meek 3
59 Loyal Faithful 3
60 Poor in Spirit Humble 3
61 Steady Faithful 3
62 Teachable Humble 3
63 Understanding Honest 3
64 Active Faithful 2
65 Dependable Faithful 2
66 Friendly Joyful 2
67 Glad Joyful 2
68 Godly Holy Other 2
69 Happy Joyful 2
70 Harmless Virtuous 2
71 Immovable Faithful 2
72 Industrious Diligent 2
73 Innocent Virtuous 2
74 Involved Faithful 2
75 Merry Joyful 2
76 Modest Humble 2
77 Quiet Patient 2
78 Respectful Humble 2
79 Responsible Diligent 2
80 Restful Patient 2
81 Submissive Humble 2
82 Thrifty Virtuous 2
83 Truthful Honest 2
84 Unspotted Virtuous 2
85 Upright Holy 2
86 Vigilant Diligent 2
87 Willing Humble 2
88 Beautiful Virtuous 1
89 Bold Courageous 1
90 Brave Courageous 1
91 Calm Patient 1
92 Chastened Meek 1
93 Chosen Virtuous 1
94 Civil Joyful 1
95 Committed Diligent 1
96 Constant Faithful 1
97 Convincing Honest 1
98 Dedicated Diligent 1
99 Delightsome Joyful 1
100 Edifying Honest 1
101 Enlightened Honest 1
102 Exemplar Virtuous 1
103 Fervent Diligent 1
104 Good Virtuous 1
105 Grateful Reverent 1
106 Helpful Loving 1
107 Honorable Courageous 1
108 Mighty Courageous 1
109 Moderate Temperate 1
110 Noble Courageous 1
111 Patriotic Courageous 1
112 Peculiar Virtuous 1
113 Perfect Holy 1
114 Perseverance Diligent 1
115 Persuasive Honest 1
116 Plain Patient 1
117 Positive Hopeful 1
118 Self-Controlled Diligent 1
119 Simple Patient 1
120 Sincere Reverent 1
121 Smart Honest 1
122 Solemn Reverent 1
123 Spotless Virtuous 1
124 Still Patient 1
125 Studious Honest 1
126 Valiant Courageous 1
127 Waiting Patient 1
128 Watchful Diligent 1
129 Worshipful Reverent 1
130 Worthy Virtuous 1
Total 599

Individual Virtues, Sorted by Virtue

Here are the individual virtues, with their associated counts, sorted by Virtue Name:

Count Specific Virtue Primary, Secondary, or Tertiary  Virtue Virtue Wheel Position Specific Ref. Total
1 Active Faithful 2
2 Afflicted Meek 4
3 Beautiful Virtuous 1
4 Believing Hopeful 8
5 Benevolent Loving 7
6 Blameless Virtuous 6
7 Bold Courageous 1
8 Brave Courageous 1
9 Broken-hearted Meek 5
10 Calm Patient 1
11 Chaste Virtuous 9
12 Chastened Meek 1
13 Cheerful Joyful 5
14 Chosen Virtuous 1
15 Civil Joyful 1
16 Clean Virtuous 12
17 Committed Diligent 1
18 Compassionate Loving 4
19 Confident Faithful 3
20 Constant Faithful 1
21 Contented Patient 6
22 Contrite-spirited Meek 5
23 Convincing Honest 1
24 Courageous Courageous Tertiary 12
25 Courteous Loving 5
26 Dedicated Diligent 1
27 Delightsome Joyful 1
28 Dependable Faithful 2
29 Devoted Faithful 6
30 Diligent Diligent Tertiary 14
31 Dutiful Meek 3
32 Edifying Honest 1
33 Enduring Faithful 3
34 Enlightened Honest 1
35 Exemplar Virtuous 1
36 Faithful Faithful Primary 23
37 Fervent Diligent 1
38 Firm Faithful 6
39 Forgiving Meek 3
40 Friendly Joyful 2
41 Generous Loving 3
42 Gentle Meek 6
43 Glad Joyful 2
44 Godly Holy Other 2
45 Good Virtuous 1
46 Grateful Reverent 1
47 Happy Joyful 2
48 Hard working Diligent 4
49 Harmless Virtuous 2
50 Helpful Loving 1
51 Holy Holy Other 7
52 Honest Honest Secondary 12
53 Honorable Courageous 1
54 Hopeful Hopeful Primary 17
55 Hospitable Joyful 3
56 Humble Humble Secondary 23
57 Immovable Faithful 2
58 Industrious Diligent 2
59 Innocent Virtuous 2
60 Integrity Integrity Other 3
61 Involved Faithful 2
62 Joyful Joyful Tertiary 16
63 Just Just Other 5
64 Kind Loving 11
65 Knowledgeable Honest 7
66 Long suffering Patient 6
67 Loving/Charitable Loving Primary 40
68 Lowly in heart Meek 3
69 Loyal Faithful 3
70 Meek Meek Tertiary 15
71 Merciful Merciful Other 7
72 Merry Joyful 2
73 Mighty Courageous 1
74 Moderate Temperate 1
75 Modest Humble 2
76 Noble Courageous 1
77 Obedient Obedient Other 15
78 Patient Patient Tertiary 14
79 Patriotic Courageous 1
80 Peaceable Patient 7
81 Peacemaker Meek 6
82 Peculiar Virtuous 1
83 Perfect Holy 1
84 Persecuted Meek 5
85 Perseverance Diligent 1
86 Persuasive Honest 1
87 Plain Patient 1
88 Poor in Spirit Humble 3
89 Positive Hopeful 1
90 Prayerful Reverent 4
91 Pure/Virtuous Virtuous Secondary 17
92 Quiet Patient 2
93 Respectful Humble 2
94 Responsible Diligent 2
95 Restful Patient 2
96 Reverent (Fear God) Reverent Tertiary 15
97 Righteous Holy Other 4
98 Self-Controlled Diligent 1
99 Simple Patient 1
100 Sincere Reverent 1
101 Smart Honest 1
102 Sober Temperate Other 9
103 Solemn Reverent 1
104 Spotless Virtuous 1
105 Steadfast Faithful 5
106 Steady Faithful 3
107 Still Patient 1
108 Strong Courageous 11
109 Studious Honest 1
110 Submissive Humble 2
111 Teachable Humble 3
112 Temperate Temperate Other 9
113 Thankful Reverent 9
114 Thrifty Virtuous 2
115 True Courageous 5
116 Trusting Hopeful 5
117 Trustworthy Honest 4
118 Truthful Honest 2
119 Understanding Honest 3
120 Unified Faithful 4
121 Unspotted Virtuous 2
122 Upright Holy 2
123 Valiant Courageous 1
124 Vigilant Diligent 2
125 Waiting Patient 1
126 Watchful Diligent 1
127 Willing Humble 2
128 Wise Honest 8
129 Worshipful Reverent 1
130 Worthy Virtuous 1
Total 599

Individual Virtues, Grouped by Primary Virtue

 

Count Specific Virtue Primary, Secondary, or Tertiary  Virtue Virtue Wheel Position Specific Ref. Total
1 Brave Courageous 1
2 Courageous Courageous Tertiary 12
3 Strong Courageous 11
4 True Courageous 5
5 Bold Courageous 1
6 Honorable Courageous 1
7 Mighty Courageous 1
8 Noble Courageous 1
9 Patriotic Courageous 1
10 Valiant Courageous 1
11 Diligent Diligent Tertiary 14
12 Hard working Diligent 4
13 Industrious Diligent 2
14 Responsible Diligent 2
15 Vigilant Diligent 2
16 Committed Diligent 1
17 Dedicated Diligent 1
18 Fervent Diligent 1
19 Perseverance Diligent 1
20 Self-Controlled Diligent 1
21 Watchful Diligent 1
22 Loyal Faithful 3
23 Faithful Faithful Primary 23
24 Devoted Faithful 6
25 Firm Faithful 6
26 Steadfast Faithful 5
27 Unified Faithful 4
28 Confident Faithful 3
29 Enduring Faithful 3
30 Steady Faithful 3
31 Active Faithful 2
32 Dependable Faithful 2
33 Immovable Faithful 2
34 Involved Faithful 2
35 Constant Faithful 1
36 Holy Holy Other 7
37 Righteous Holy Other 4
38 Godly Holy Other 2
39 Upright Holy 2
40 Perfect Holy 1
41 Trustworthy Honest 4
42 Honest Honest Secondary 12
43 Wise Honest 8
44 Knowledgeable Honest 7
45 Understanding Honest 3
46 Truthful Honest 2
47 Convincing Honest 1
48 Edifying Honest 1
49 Enlightened Honest 1
50 Persuasive Honest 1
51 Smart Honest 1
52 Studious Honest 1
53 Hopeful Hopeful Primary 17
54 Believing Hopeful 8
55 Trusting Hopeful 5
56 Positive Hopeful 1
57 Humble Humble Secondary 23
58 Poor in Spirit Humble 3
59 Teachable Humble 3
60 Modest Humble 2
61 Respectful Humble 2
62 Submissive Humble 2
63 Willing Humble 2
64 Integrity Integrity Other 3
65 Cheerful Joyful 5
66 Friendly Joyful 2
67 Joyful Joyful Tertiary 16
68 Hospitable Joyful 3
69 Glad Joyful 2
70 Happy Joyful 2
71 Merry Joyful 2
72 Civil Joyful 1
73 Delightsome Joyful 1
74 Just Just Other 5
75 Kind Loving 11
76 Courteous Loving 5
77 Helpful Loving 1
78 Loving/Charitable Loving Primary 40
79 Benevolent Loving 7
80 Compassionate Loving 4
81 Generous Loving 3
82 Meek Meek Tertiary 15
83 Gentle Meek 6
84 Peacemaker Meek 6
85 Broken-hearted Meek 5
86 Contrite-spirited Meek 5
87 Persecuted Meek 5
88 Afflicted Meek 4
89 Dutiful Meek 3
90 Forgiving Meek 3
91 Lowly in heart Meek 3
92 Chastened Meek 1
93 Merciful Merciful Other 7
94 Obedient Obedient Other 15
95 Patient Patient Tertiary 14
96 Peaceable Patient 7
97 Contented Patient 6
98 Long suffering Patient 6
99 Quiet Patient 2
100 Restful Patient 2
101 Calm Patient 1
102 Plain Patient 1
103 Simple Patient 1
104 Still Patient 1
105 Waiting Patient 1
106 Reverent (Fear God) Reverent Tertiary 15
107 Thankful Reverent 9
108 Prayerful Reverent 4
109 Grateful Reverent 1
110 Sincere Reverent 1
111 Solemn Reverent 1
112 Worshipful Reverent 1
113 Sober Temperate Other 9
114 Temperate Temperate Other 9
115 Moderate Temperate 1
116 Clean Virtuous 12
117 Thrifty Virtuous 2
118 Pure/Virtuous Virtuous Secondary 17
119 Chaste Virtuous 9
120 Blameless Virtuous 6
121 Harmless Virtuous 2
122 Innocent Virtuous 2
123 Unspotted Virtuous 2
124 Beautiful Virtuous 1
125 Chosen Virtuous 1
126 Exemplar Virtuous 1
127 Good Virtuous 1
128 Peculiar Virtuous 1
129 Spotless Virtuous 1
130 Worthy Virtuous 1
Total 599

The appendix (the attached file) of this presentation contains three different sort orders of this analysis: (1) alphabetical by virtue: (2) descending by count then virtue, and (3) by associated primary /secondary /tertiary virtue then descending by count, and then by virtue. This last shows within a primary virtue the relative ranking of the synonyms.

Here is the PDF version: Virtue Wheel Excel Combined 2011-02-18

Here is the Spreadsheet version: Virtue Wheel Analysis

This file contains the original version of my virtue wheel: Virtue Wheel 2013-2-03

 

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